Building Name -: Crystal Island
Location -: Moscow, Russia
Architect -: Norman Foster (firm name-:Foster and Partners)
Year of Start -: Upcoming (proposed in 2008)
- Located on the Nagatino Peninsula, edged by the Moscow River, it is located only 7.5 km from the Kremlin, and offers panoramic views over Moscow from a viewing platform at its apex.
- This building is planned to have around 2,500,000 square meters (27,000,000 square ft) of floor space and a height of 450 meters (1,476 ft).
- At these dimensions upon completion it would be the largest structure (in floor space) on earth.
- The structure conceived as a self-contained city within a city will house theatres, exhibition spaces, retail and catering businesses, 3,000 hotel rooms, 900 serviced apartments and a school for 500 students. There will also be two public viewing platforms, one at 150m and another at 300m.
- The building’s spiraling form emerges majestically from a newly landscaped park, rising in converse directions to form a diagonal grid.
- The exterior facade will be solar responsive and will include solar panels which, along with wind turbines, will generate electricity for the huge tower.
- Natural ventilation will be provided thanks to numerous strategically placed large atriums.
- The internal environment will also have dynamic enclosure panels slotted into the structural framing that will allow daylight to penetrate deep into the heart of the structure; the panels will also be controlled to modify temperature inside the building – closed in winter for extra warmth and opened in summer to allow natural ventilation.
- Energy management is at the heart of this structure, several on-site renewable and low-carbon energy generation projects are planned.