Building Name -: Masdar City
Location -: Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Architect -: Foster and Partners
Developer -: Masdar, a subsidiary of Mubadala Development Company, with the majority of seed capital provided by the Government of Abu Dhabi
Year of Start -: 2008
Year of End -: 2025
- It is a planned city relies on solar energy and other renewable energy sources.
- The city is envisioned to cover 6 square kilometres (2.3 sq mi) and will be home to 45,000 to 50,000 people and 1,500 businesses, primarily commercial and manufacturing facilities specialising in environmentally friendly products. In turn, more than 60,000 workers are expected to commute to the city daily.
- Initiated in 2006, the project was estimated to cost US$18-22 billion and take approximately eight years to build.
- The first phase scheduled to be completed and habitable in 2009. Construction began on Masdar City in 2008 and the first six buildings of the city were completed and occupied in October 2010. However, due to the impact of the global financial crisis, Phase 1 of the city, the initial 1,000,000 square metres (0.39 sq mi), will be completed in 2015. Final completion is scheduled to occur between 2020 and 2025.
- Partners in the project through its Clean Tech Fund are Consensus Business Group, Credit Suisse and Siemens Venture Capital.
- Construction of the first phase of the project is being managed by CH2M Hill.
- Infrastructure construction for the city will be handled by the Al Jaber Group and design of the central Masdar headquarters building has been awarded to Adrian Smith + Gordon Gill Architecture.
- The city’s wayfinding system was developed by Endpoint and City ID.
- Masdar is a sustainable mixed-use development designed to be very friendly to pedestrians and cyclists.
- From a distance, the city looks like a cube.
- Masdar City has terracotta walls decorated with arabesque patterns.
- The temperature in the streets is generally 15 to 20 °C (27 to 36 °F) cooler than the surrounding desert. The temperature difference is due to Masdar’s unique construction.
- A 45-meter-high (148 ft) teflon coated wind tower modeled on traditional Arab designs sucks air from above and pushes a cooling breeze through Masdar’s streets.
- The site is raised above the surrounding land to create a slight cooling effect.
- Buildings are clustered close together to create streets and walkways shielded from the sun.
- Masdar will use a mix of electric vehicles and other clean-energy vehicles for mass transit inside the city. The majority of private vehicles will be restricted to parking lots along the city’s perimeter.
- Masdar Institute of Science and Technology -it is a graduate-level research university focused on alternative energy, environmental sustainability, and clean technology.
- The Masdar Institute was Masdar City’s first occupant. The design of the campus emphasizes flexibility, the use of traditional architectural elements, and modern materials to provide for an optimized combination of natural lighting and cooling that minimize energy needs.
- It uses 51% less electricity and 54% less potable water than traditional buildings in the UAE, and is fitted with a metering system that constantly observes power consumption.
- A regional headquarters for Siemens has been built in Masdar City is a LEED Platinum building. It was designed to use 45 percent less energy and 50 percent less water than typical office buildings.
- The Siemens headquarters won an award for best office building at the Mpim Architectural Review Future Projects Awards in 2012. The Middle East Architect Awards named it the both the best and most sustainable office building the same year.
- The 12,000 m2 (130,000 sq ft) building is built around the idea of a “box within a box”. The structure includes a highly insulated airtight inner façade that insulates from the sun and a lightweight aluminium shading system on the exterior.
- The plaza beneath the building is funnel-shaped. This shape works to suck prevailing winds underneath the building. Due to the Venturi effect, a breeze flows up to the roof of the building through atria in the buildings structure, cooling public spaces without energy costs. These atria also allow daylight into the centre of the building in order to reduce the need for artificial lighting, further reducing energy consumption.
- The Incubator Building includes retail and office space to house start-ups, small-and-medium-sized enterprises, and regional offices for multinationals. The Incubator Building is designed to accommodate roughly fifty companies. Some of the most notable tenants include General Electric, Mitsubishi, Schneider Electric, and the Global Green Growth Institute. The Incubator Building is also home to the first LEED CI-certified office in Abu Dhabi, Alpin Limited.
- Masdar is powered by a 22-hectare (54-acre) field of 87,777 solar panels with additional panels on roofs.
- There are no light switches or water taps in the city; movement sensors control lighting and water to cut electricity and water consumption by 51 and 55 percent respectively.
- Besides photovoltaics, concentrated solar power (CSP) plants are being explored.
- Water management has been planned in an environmentally sound manner as well. Approximately 80 percent of the water used will be recycled and waste water will be reused “as many times as possible”, with this greywater being used for crop irrigation and other purposes.
- Masdar City will host the headquarters of the International Renewable Energy Agency, commonly known as IRENA.
- Upcoming projects of Masdar City-: