Building Name -: National Center for Performing Arts (NCPA)
Location -: Beijing, China
Architect -: French architect-Paul Andreu
Year of Start -: December 2001
Year of End -: July 2007
- It includes the main building (containing three performing venues: the Opera House, the Concert Hall, the Theater), the underwater corridors, the underground garage, the artificial lake and the green space.
- It covers an area of about 118,900 sq meters (about 142,203 sq yard); and the total area of building is about 217,500 sq km (about 260,127 sq yard).
- It is believed to be the deepest architecture in Beijing (the deepest place of the center is -32.5 meters, equivalent to the height of a 10-floor building.).
- The exterior of it, like a steel-structured oval shell, is an ingenious material integration of over 18,000 titanium plates and over 1,000 sheets of ultra-white glass, which creates a vivid visual effect as if the curtain is drawn apart slowly before your eyes.
- With the weight of 6,457 tons and the 212.2 meter longest axis, the steel-structured oval shell is the largest dome in the world at present.
- Surrounding the centre is a crystal-like artificial lake taking an area of 35,500 square meters.
- By the use of high technology, it will not ice in winter and the algae won’t grow in it in summer either.
- All the passages and entrances are built underwater. When you walk into the center, a layer of water is above your head, which will also give you a special felling.
- Around the lake is a 39,000-sqare-meters greenbelt, which is free of charge. People wander there to feel the valuable tranquility in a busy city.
- Opera House:
The Opera House with golden color as its main hue is the most magnificent building inside it. It has 2091 seats; and the tickets for standing room are also available. The arc-shaped metal-net wall of the auditorium allows lights and shadows changing according to the development of the performance. The seamless ballet stage is believed to be the largest one in China, whose surface is made of Oregon timber. The three-layer structure of the stage makes it have possibly the best resilience and provides the best protect to the dancers’ feet.
- Concert Hall:
By the east side of the Opera House sits the Concert hall where the large-scale symphonies and Chinese traditional music are performed. The silver white color makes it elegant and serene. Auditorium is around the stage, which makes it possible for the audience to enjoy performances from any angle. The ceiling of the hall rolling like waves is propitious to the diffusion of the sound. All the specialized designs realize the perfect integration between architectural and acoustic aesthetics. 1859 seats are available here.
One thing cannot be missed that the pipe organ placed in the hall with 94 stops and an impressive array of 6,500 pipes is the largest one in Asia. It is the most valuable treasure in the Concert Hall.
The design of the theater has a distinct Chinese traditional style, where traditional Chinese operas, stage plays and national songs and dances primarily perform. 957 seats are set here, excluded the orchestra. The Zhejiang’s silk on the walls are flameproof, full of strong Chinese traditional taste. The advanced stage can not only satisfy the special needs of Chinese traditional opera’s performance but also highlight the closeness between the audience and the performers.
- Air inlets of the air conditions are built under the seats. While seeing the performances, the audience will not feel the wind but will enjoy the coolness. Noise elimination equipments are also installed. No noise will be made when you have to leave while the performance is going on.