Building Nmae -: Transportation Building
Location -: Chicago
Architect -: Louis Sullivan
Year of Start -: 1890
- This building was a product of World’s Fair which was hosted in Chicago in 1890.
- The Fair celebrated the 400th anniversary of Christopher Columbus’ triumphant voyage to America and the great accomplishments of Americans.
- Daniel Burnham assembled an ambitious team, in which Adler & Sullivan’s was a famous name.
- Daniel Burnham vision for the Fair was to have an entire city, all uniform and tidy white, constructed in Jackson Park at the city center of Chicago. The “White City,” as it was called, would consist of ten separate buildings housing and exhibiting various genres of American achievements.
- Sullivan was not one to follow direction. After much dispute, Burnham allowed Sullivan to create his own building plan, and the resulting design was a building that deviated boldly from Burnham’s intention i.e. Transportation Building.
- The building was nonpermanent and Sullivan made an honest attempt at temporary architecture by sticking to a basic design plan using commercial materials while giving the building an artistically rich polychrome façade.
- Aside from the building’s extraordinary exterior decoration, the Transportation Building was reminiscent of an enormous train shed both inside and out inspired from Paris’ North Train Station ‘Gare du Nord’.
- On the inside the building was long, narrow and divided into three sections consisting of a broad middle lane with an aisle running along each side of it.
- The broad central aisle rose higher than the outlying aisles, like a nave inspired from Roman basilica, with broad nave and aisles.
- The roof is therefore in three divisions. The middle one rising much higher and its walls are pierced to form a beautiful arcaded clerestory.
- The entrance of the building was named Golden Doorway standing broad, tall and bold.
- It is an innovative or idiosyncratic element. Various colours used including red, green and golden.
- The dome that sat atop the Transportation Building is a further classical reference o Medici Palace in Florence.
- The dimensions of Sullivan’s arches were much larger, stretching nearly to the top of his one hundred-foot high building. Above these arches was a decorative scene extending the length of the building.
- Flanking the main entrance on each side were the thirteen connected arches surrounded by highly decorated and detailed murals. To enliven it further, Sullivan ornamented the exterior of the Transportation Building with molded low reliefs and bold coloring.
- The Transportation Building displayed images of angels, wreaths and seals. He created images that Michelangelo and other Renaissance architects might have impressed upon a building had they ever painted a building’s exterior.
- The Transportation Building, designed for the 1 893 World’s Columbian Exposition, was widely regarded as revolutionary in its architecture.
- The Transportation Building represented a marriage of classical archi – tecture and new American architecture, in which each individual element of the building revealed itself to be deeply rooted in the past and imaginatively adapted to the present.