Building Name – Marina Bay Sand
Location – 10 Bayfront Avenue, Singapore
Architect – Moshe Safdie
Developer – Marina Bay Sands Pte. Ltd.
(A subsidiary of the Las Vegas Sands Corporation)
Public Opening – June 29, 2010
- Site Area 154,938 square meters / 15.4 hectare (1,668,000 square feet / 38 acres)
- Gross Floor Area 581,400 square meters (6,258,000 square feet)
- Total Area 845,000 square meters (9,096,000 square feet)
- Height 57 stories / 195 meters (640 feet)
- Total Cost US $5.7 billion, including land cost
- 1.Hotel, 2. Sand Sky Park, 3. Casino, 4. The Shoppes, 5. Sands Expo and Convention Centre, 6. Museum of Art Science, 7. Theaters, 8. Crystal Pavilion, 9. Event Plaza
- Hotel – 2,560 luxury rooms in three hotel towers, totaling 265,683 square meters (2,860,000 square feet)
- Sand Sky Park – the three hotel towers are connected at the top (200 meters/656 feet) by a 9,941 square meter (107,000 square foot) park that brings together a public observatory, jogging paths, gardens, restaurants, lounges, and an infinity swimming pool
- Its length exceeds the height of the Eiffel Tower
- This 1.2 hectare (3 acre) tropical oasis is longer than the Eiffel Tower is tall and large enough to park four-and-a-half A380 jumbo jets.
- It is served for the restaurants, cafés, 250 trees, 150-metre long infinity pool, and viewing decks that offer 360 degree views of Singapore’s skyline and surrounding waters.
- It spans from tower to tower and cantilevers 65 meters (213 feet) beyond to form one of the world’s largest public cantilevers
- It is 340 meters (1,115 feet) long from the northern tip to the south end
- The park’s maximum width is 40 meters (131 feet)
- The 1,396 square meter (15,026 square foot) swimming pool is the largest outdoor pool at its height and has a 145 meter (475 foot) vanishing edge
- The entire park can host up to 3,900 people
- Its lush gardens include 250 trees and 650 plants
- Casino – the “atrium style” casino features four levels of gaming and entertainment in one space totaling 15,000 square meters (161,500 square feet) with the atrium ceiling holding a 7 ton chandelier with 132,000 Swarovski crystals and 66,000 LEDs.
- The Shoppes – includes over 74,322 square meters (800,000 square feet) of retail and restaurant space.
- Sands Expo and Convention Centre – consists of 121,000 square meters (1.3 million square feet) of flexible convention and exhibition space, including one of the largest ballrooms in Asia with area of 8,000 square meters (86,100 square feet) and the capacity to host 11,000 people.
- Museum of Art Science – is 15,000 square meters (161,500 square feet square feet) with 6,000 meters (64,580 square feet) of gallery space, a 3,000 square meter (32,290 square foot) lily pond at grade and has a palm measuring 80 meters (260 feet) in diameter reaching 62 meters (203 feet) above grade and 11 meters (36 feet) below grade.
- Theaters – the two theaters are 21,980 square meters (236,600 square feet square feet) with a combined 4,000 seats.
- Crystal Pavilion – the 5,914 square meters (63,660 square feet) Crystal Pavilions house shops and nightclubs and are the first glass and steel structures to be set in Marina Bay.
- Event Plaza – is 5,000 square meters (54,000 square foot) and capable of hosting 10,000 people for a diverse range of local and international live performances.
- Public Art -Marina Bay Sands integrates seven site-specific works by artists handpicked by Moshe Safdie to enhance the visitor experience. The Art Path features large-scale public works by artists including:
- James Carpenter, Blue Reflection Facade with Light Entry Passage
- Antony Gormley, Drift
- Ned Kahn, Wind Arbor, Rain Oculus and The Tipping Wall
- Sol LeWitt, Wall Drawing #917, Arcs and Circles and Wall Drawing #915, Arcs, Circle and Irregular Bands
- Chongbin Zheng, Rising Forest
- At 845,000 square metres The Marina Bay Sands complex contains one of the biggest hotels in the world, famous for its triple towers linked at the top with a dramatically cantilevered sky garden, which extends 65 metres out from the side of the towers.
- The towers first of all sort of open up at the base to form an atrium, and because the site is triangular, or at least wedge-shaped, one opens more, the next one less and the last one even less so there’s a dynamic of changing geometry.
- The hotel towers slope but stand on straight legs, which give the complex its unique look. Tower 1, in particular, has a slope of 26 degrees.
- The three towers stand as individual modules, but are unified at Level 23, and again at the top of the towers by the SkyPark cantilever sitting 200 meters above the city.
- The developer of the scheme, which opened in 2011, had originally requested a single tower, but Safdie resisted this idea as he felt it would create a “wall” separating Singapore’s downtown from the seafront. Instead he created three 55-storey towers capped by a 1.2 hectare sky park.
- Because the buildings are of such height, they are prone to wind sway. In other words, strong winds from the seas off Singapore cause the towers to move. That is why there are four movement joints right under the main swimming pools, to counteract these forces. These joints move an average of almost 20 inches to keep the structure steady.
- And because the buildings are of such weight, the entire complex is prone to settling into the earth over time. This could lead to some serious issues in tilting, which is why there are more than 500 jacks beneath the structure to permit adjustments when required. In other words, these systems work hard to keep the infinity pool level.
- The resort’s design allows abundant natural daylight to illuminate indoor areas, reducing the need for additional lighting.