Building Name – Bahá’í House of Worship-Germany
Location – Hofheim-Langenhain, near Frankfurt Germany
Architect – Teuto Rocholl
Year of Start – 20 November,1960
Year of End – 4 July,1964
- All Bahá’í Houses of Worship, including the Temple of Germany, share certain architectural elements, some of which are specified by Bahá’í scripture. `Abdu’l-Bahá, the son of the founder of the religion, stipulated that an essential architectural character of a House of Worship is a nine sided circular shape. While all current Bahá’í Houses of Worship have a dome.Bahá’í scripture also states that no pictures, statues or images be displayed within the House of Worship and no pulpits or altars be incorporated as an architectural feature.
- Bahá’í House of Worship-Germany also known as Mother Temple of Europe.
- This building is dedicated to the three fundamental truths of the Baha’I Religion: the oneness of God, the oneness of His Messengers and the oneness of mankind.
- Shoghi Effendi gave instructions in 1953 to build the first European House of Worship near Frankfurt am Main. A decisive factor in the choice of the location was this city’s central location with respect to both Germany and Europe as a whole.
- A competition to design the House of Worship had already taken place in 1954. Following careful scrutiny of all proposals submitted by the nineteen participating architects, the design by a young Frankfurt based architect named Teuto Rocholl was selected.
- The basic requirements for the structure of a House of Worship had been formulated by The Mashriqu’l Adhkar, which is to be erected over a central floor plan, must have nine sides, doors, fountains, paths, gateways, columns and gardens, with the ground floor, galleries and domes, and in design and construction it must be beautiful.
- The design reflects the postwar interest in buildings with simple post and lintel structures and walls of glass.
- The House of Worship was built using a steel concrete skeletal (exposed concrete) construction. The reconstructed steel concrete ribs were assembled on site and fixed in place with poured steel concrete rings brought into place at the lower and upper extremities of the ribs.
- It is made of steel, aluminum, and glass.
- Elevated above the flat plain by nine symmetrically arranged single flights of steps, the circular building is circumscribed by a walkway.
- Nine entrance doors open onto an ambulatory enclosed by floor-to-ceiling windows, which afford sweeping views of the Temple property of nearly three hectares (7.3 acres) and the surrounding countryside.
- Nine doors lead from the ambulatory into a central rotunda seating around five hundred persons.
- The rotunda is capped by a dome, which rests on twenty-seven pillars.
- 540 diamond-shaped windows give the dome an optical lightness and permit the sunlight to play in it.
- Diameter of the central hall area is 25 meters, while the diameter of the outside ambulatory area is 48 meters.
- The lantern atop the dome is also open, its windows framing an inset design of the Greatest Name. The overall structure is twenty-eight meters (ninety-two feet) high.
- The outstanding characteristic acoustics of this setting are created by the reverberation within the dome and the resonance of its myriad window ledges.
- Choirs here sometimes sing while standing around the circumference of the temple floor, with the audience in the center.
- In 1987, the House of worship was declared a cultural monument by the State of Hesse (i.e. the State incorporating the City of Frankfurt and its environs).